Green and environmentally friendly focus
Háaleiti-Bústaðir benefits from the fact that on the outskirts of the district there are large open areas such as Fossvogsdalur, Elliðaárdalur and Laugardalur. Access to green areas varies between neighborhoods, even though within them there are green areas, both small and large and each with its own character. The new settlement that is being drafted in the neighborhood plan is for the most part within areas where development has already been planned in the land-use plan or in areas that are poorly utilized for outdoor recreation, such as along traffic streets. There is a willingness to increase the proportion of public spaces; both neighborhood parks, populated areas and so-called quiet areas, in all neighborhoods of the district.
The new settlement is for the most part within areas where development has already been planned in the land-use plan or in areas that are poorly utilized for outdoor recreation.
Good access to open areas and a green focus in zoning contribute to the improved public health of the city’s residents. The neighborhood plan aims to set provisions for defining and strengthening open areas, such as neighborhood parks, populated areas, playgrounds and special quiet areas, increase the permeable surface, protect vegetation from unnecessary disturbance and support further vegetation on plots and urban land.
The work proposals also emphasize the strengthening of the neighborhood spirit and community awareness through neighborhood squares or gardens around the neighborhoods. These areas could also be a venue for various events, such as seasonal markets and places for art in public spaces, which can create new landmarks within the neighborhoods.
Neighborhood parks can be a venue for various events and places for art in public spaces and create new landmarks within the neighborhoods
Neighborhood park and settlement in the Fram area
The intention is to hold an idea competition for a mixed settlement and a neighborhood park in the Fram area by Safamýri.
Neighborhood park in the Fram area
The Háaleiti-Múlar neighborhoods are currently far below the city’s criteria for green areas and public spaces.
A competition will be held for the development of the Fram area and its prerequisites will be set, i.e. with regard to public consultation in the neighborhood plan. A mixed settlement is expected in the area in accordance with the proposals in the appendix to the land-use plan 2010-2040 on housing development in the area in part. It states that the area will be defined as a mixed settlement; apartments, shops and services and a recreational area/public park.
Green belt in Fellsmúli and a “scarf” on Háaleitisbraut
The neighborhood plan places great emphasis on strengthening and enhancing the diversity of public spaces, and a part of that vision is the “green belt” between Fellsmúli and Ámúli and the green “scarf” on Háaleitisbraut.
The green belt
The working proposals of the neighborhood plan assume that the zoning of the area from Fellsmúli to Ármúli will be improved and it will be made a neighborhood park.
Photos: City of Reykjavík
Mynd: Bragi Þór Jósefsson.
The green belt
The area between Fellsmúli and Ármúli is defined in the work proposals of the neighborhood plan as a neighborhood park with appropriate green infrastructure and the intention is to strengthen it as an outdoor recreational area all year round. The park would then be a kind of backbone of the neighborhood, which unites it and connects it to other neighborhoods and districts.
Outdoor recreational possibilities would be increased, e.g. by dividing the area into different sized garden spaces, each with its own appearance and role. Then there would be well-equipped populated and play areas, areas for growing vegetables and quiet areas for contemplation and rest, mixed with natural larger spaces.
Natural monuments would be considered, such as the rock belt, and important geological formations would be highlighted as landmarks of the neighborhood park. Vegetation needs to be chosen carefully and emphasis would be placed on native vegetation, diverse ecosystems and biota as well as blue-green surface water solutions.
The aim is to improve connections between neighborhoods with good, safe and well-lit walking and cycling paths. Benches and other outdoor furniture would be located in specially designed rest areas and information boards about the natural features, history and ecosystem of the area would be erected.
At the intersection of Ármúli, Síðumúli and Vegmúli, a neighborhood square is planned for various events, which should strengthen the local spirit and strengthen the neighborhood awareness of both residents and others who visit the park.
The area between Fellsmúli and Ármúli is defined in the work proposals of the neighborhood plan as a neighborhood park with appropriate green infrastructure
Urban street and a green scarf
Háaleitisbraut today. Its central location and the width of the street space create great potential in its redesign as an urban street and green artery within the district.
Image: City of Reykjavík.
The green “scarf”
Háaleitisbraut also has a significant role in the work proposals when it comes to green areas. Taking into consideration is the fact that trees and vegetation are intertwined like a “scarf” with the exciting and diverse public space of the urban street, where it will also be possible to offer street art, services, shopping and environmentally friendly means of transport – for the benefit of residents, pedestrians and the environment.
Quiet areas, neighborhood squares and more
The main public space in the Bústaða- og Smáíbúðahverfi neighborhood.
Image: Bragi Þór Jósefsson.
Many of the existing areas in the district have already been strengthened and given a specific role, such as playgrounds, populated areas, quiet areas, neighborhood parks, vegetable gardens, etc. The work proposals emphasize increased urban forestry, both within the district and on its outskirts. The number of trees and plant shrubs shall be increased for shelter, beautification, spatialization and as a countermeasure against the visual effects of large traffic arteries.
In Leiti and Gerði, the neighborhood square in front of Grensáskirkja is quite well located. The new framework plan for Kringlan also provides for squares, which residents in the neighborhood will also have access to.
Grundargerði park is the main public space in the Bústaða- og Smáíbúðahverfi neighborhoods. It is proposed in the work proposals that on the green axis, which extends from Fossvogsdalur up to the district heating system, a diverse public space be created for all age groups that can both strengthen the local spirit and increase the quality of life of the residents. Ideas are also put forward to make the district heating system, which runs from the old hot water tanks in Öskjuhlíð up through Bústaðahverfi to Elliðaárdalur, an outdoor recreational area and the new landmark of the district (see special discussion).
Fossvogsdalur is the only city park that is directly connected to district 5 and in the work proposals, proposals are made to extend the park further to the west and improve connections to the outdoor recreational area at Öskjuhlíð. Emphasis is also placed on forming neighborhood squares in two places by Bústaðavegur, by Grímsbær and the Póló shop opposite Bústaðakirkja.
The work proposals emphasize increased urban forestry, both within the district and on its outskirts
There are many benefits to quiet areas in urban areas that are usually within open and green areas. They must not be exposed to noise above the required limits (50 dB) and can also support biodiversity within the city limits.
Image: DLD – Dagný Land Design ehf.
Improved acoustics in all neighborhoods
Along Miklabraut to the east, there are sound barriers that reduce traffic noise and the work proposals assume that noise levels will be further improved with a sound barrier along residential areas by Kringlumýrarbraut, Miklabraut and Reykjanesbraut. Emphasis will also be placed on increased urban forestry, both within the city district and on its outskirts, among other things as part of mitigation measures against the effects of large traffic arteries.
Eco bridge – Nature bridge
During the work on the neighborhood plan, ideas have emerged for creating a so-called eco bridge over heavily-trafficked streets, where conditions allow. Eco bridges which can also be called nature bridges, create a green connection between neighborhoods and districts, thus significantly improving pedestrian and bicycle connections, increasing green areas and reducing air and noise pollution from heavy traffic.
Examples of eco bridges can be found all over the world, including the Nordic countries, where they have been used to connect districts that were previously divided by freeways. Here is an idea of an eco bridge over Kringlumýrarbraut by Veðurstofuhæð.
Eco bridges create a green connection between neighborhoods and districts, increase green areas and reduce air and noise pollution from heavy traffic.
Eco bridge at Kringlumýrarbraut
To the left is an aerial view of the area as it is today. To the right you can see how an eco bridge at Kringlumýrarbraut could be implemented.
Images: Neighborhood plan, prepared according to the proposals of the planning consultant.
Waste and sorting
In recent years, there has been a strong emphasis on increased waste sorting and recycling. In the next few years, it can be expected that even further requirements will be made for sorting at households and workplaces in order to minimize the amount that goes to landfill.
It was clearly stated in the public consultation with residents and stakeholders at the beginning of the neighborhood planning work that more drop-off centers would need to be set up for recycling to promote further waste sorting for both the public and companies.
Drop-off centers in the district
New drop-off centers in Háaleiti-Bústaðir and centers other than the center at Grímsbær, will have containers on the surface and shelter fences built around the centers at each location.
Drawing: City of Reykjavík.
There has been an increased emphasis on waste sorting and recycling, and in the coming years it can be expected that even further requirements will be made for sorting at households and workplaces.
The work proposals of the neighborhood plan introduce provisions that are intended to facilitate the waste sorting of households and workplaces. They include that on all plots it will be permitted to build a shelter, fence or storage unit within the plot for waste.
Containers on the surface or underground containers will also be permitted for multi-unit buildings and commercial premises. Emphasis is also placed on setting up underground containers at nearby centers centrally in the neighborhoods, in connection with the redesign of the city’s urban streets.